Cognitive Behavioural Therapy And Understanding It
CBT is a method used to treat mental illnesses and addiction by addressing negative thoughts and feelings.
Dr. Aaron T. Beck in the 1960s founded the Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) as a means of treating mental illnesses.
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Cognitive-Behavioural therapy is helpful to people to address any problematic thoughts and feelings which they could have in order to overcome addiction.
CBT is now an internationally accepted mode of treatment for addictions. Getting in control of your thoughts and perception about life an addiction will help in overcoming this behaviours and this is something the patients are trained on at CBT.
Some addiction patients also have other issues concurrently occurring with the addiction problems like:
Attention Deficit Disorder [ADD]
Various forms of bipolar disorder
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder [OCD]
Loss of appetite
PTSD or Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
If you suffer from addiction or any of those issues listed, please look for a CBT treatment facility for help.
Many of the things we do or feel that harm us are not actually rational and CBT can help us to know this. The nature of the place where a person is living and even their history may play a part in their behaviour.
With the help of cognitive behavioural therapists, recovering addicts can fetch out negative "automatic thoughts" of their own. A person's feelings play a very big part in the life of a person and their addiction. It has been observed that many people look forward to be self-medicating themselves to overcome the painful thoughts and feelings with the help of alcohol or by abusing substances.
A person can stop their over dependency on drugs if they identify the thoughts and emotions that lead them to abuse drugs or behaviour in a certain way.
The pain caused by certain experiences may be lessened if these events are revisited often and addressed. The addicts then get a fresh opportunity to learn positive behaviours in order to replace their addiction for alcohol or drugs.
Dependency Treatment And Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
Whenever there is an addiction, there is usually another mental issue such as depression and anxiety disorders and these usually stem from automatic negative thoughts.
This clearly indicates that the automatic thoughts within the mind can make an individual susceptible to drug abuse and alcoholism as well.
One of the main things that prevent people from staying clean are triggers and these are things, situations or people that bring about a strong urge to use. There are three ways in which CBT can help recovering users deal with triggers according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse.
Cbt Helps Patients To Get Past Drug Addiction And Alcoholism By
Helping them dismiss misconceived notions and insecurities that have possibly led to substance abuse.
To improve moods, CBT can provide tools that the recovering user can employ on their own.
Carrying out training on effective communication skills.
How To Manage Triggers
Recognize Triggers In Time
You need to recognise the things that make you start using the drugs.
Abstract oneself from trigger situations whenever it's possible.
Deal With Them (Cope)
Using CBT techniques, examine and mitigate emotions and thoughts that provoke substance use.
Even when outside the treatment centre, you can still practice the methods learnt in CBT. CBT patients can use the techniques at home, office or join a support group.
To encourage people to stay sober, various support groups such as SMART (Self-Management and Recovery Training) program also make use of CBT when creating their self-help exercises.
Methods Used In Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
There are different practices that are used to overcome an addiction using CBT.
Here are some examples of CBT techniques that are widely used in treatment of addictions:
The patients are encouraged to stop and evaluate their thoughts see if they are worth keeping them or if they are better discarded.
They write down of pros and cons of their automatic thoughts to compare and set up the former against the latter.
The aim is to help them think positive, productive thoughts.
Example: "My manager thinks I'm useless." I need to have a drink to feel better' becomes 'it's normal to commit mistakes, and I can learn from the example. I will have a chance to prove my worth to my supervisor by rectifying my mistake. I feel so much better with a clear mind; I can do without a drink."
These exercises are helpful in contrasting negative thoughts with the positive ones to understand which one is better effective for changing behaviour.
One person may react better when they self-criticize while another will do great when they self-motivated.
Behavioural experiments are just about understanding what works best for a particular individual to a situation.
For example, some people may drink less if they criticize themselves more while others may drink less if they encourage themselves more.
Creating Images In Your Mind
During this exercise, patients have to think about a past experience that causes severe negative feelings.
They write down every experience at that moment including sight, sound, emotion, thought and the impulse of the moment.
By reliving painful memories again and again, the addict can gradually mitigate the anxiety caused by these past experiences.
Example: A difficult childhood memory is the focus of a young man's thoughts. He recollects every information and feeling during that time. Following constant experience, the recollection lessens the pain and thereby decreasing the craving for alcohol or drugs.
Comfortable Activity Plan
Enjoyable activities which can help break up regular routines can be learned by people simply by making a list of the healthy activities because the technique requires them to do so.
The tasks included should encourage positive emotions while being uncomplicated and easy to perform.
Planning the positive activities contributes to the reduction of negative feelings being generated and a resultant urge to indulge in drinking or drug use.
Example: A financial advisor who works a lot, finds fifteen minutes every day to relax at his desk instead of drinking alcohol or using drugs at work. They may choose to use that time to listen to some music or read on something interesting.
Difference Between Other Therapies And Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
As compared to some therapies which do not offer a set of engaging activities, Cognitive Behavioural Therapy will provide an hands-on alternative.
The CBT sessions aren't simply about the therapist quietly listening while the patient goes on and on about their lives. The therapist and addict are instead expected to treat the addiction by working hand in hand.
The foundation of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy focuses on action-based treatment, which will be rapid. Most 60 to 90 day rehab programs incorporate CBT to give individuals instant ways of coping.
It may takes years to see tangible results with most psychotherapy methods. In most cases, 16 sessions of CBT will yield tangible results.
CBT therapy can be adapted to make it effective in outpatient or inpatient programs as well as in counselling sessions for groups or an individual. CBT is a regular part of the treatment program as far as many rehab centres and addiction specialists are concerned.