A symptom is something the patient senses and depicts, while a sign is something other individuals, for example, the specialist take notice of. To give an example, enlarged pupils can be a sign, whilst sleepiness can be a symptom.
Dependence on a substance - the person who is addicted to a substance like alcohol or drugs loses the ability to decide when to use and when not to use such. They keep taking it, despite the fact that it might bring about mischief (the individual could conceivably know about the potential damage).
Drug addiction can lead to strong cravings. The fanatic might need to surrender (quit), yet discovers it to a great degree hard to do as such without offer assistance.
The signs and symptoms of substance reliance change as indicated by the individual, the substance they are dependent on, their family history (hereditary qualities) and individual conditions.
Some of the symptoms and signs of drug dependence can include:
The individual uses the substance and does not have the power to stop - in several instances, like alcohol, nicotine or drug addiction, he/she at least once really tried to quit, but was unsuccessful.
Withdrawal side effects - when body levels of that substance go beneath a specific level the patient has physical and disposition related manifestations. There are desires, episodes of grouchiness, awful temper, poor concentration, a sentiment being discouraged, purge, disappointment, outrage, severity and disdain.
There could be a sudden increase in appetite. Lack of sleep could also be an indication of withdrawal. In certain instances, the person may be constipated or suffer from diarrhoea. With certain drugs, withdrawal can set off seizures, perspiration, hallucinations, violence and tremors.
Though the addicts witness these health issues, they continue to abuse those substances - even when they start suffering ailments as a result. To give an example, someone who smokes might continue to smoke even after a heart/lung issue has developed.
Recreational and/or social sacrifices - certain activities are relinquished because of a dependency to some substance. A drunkard might choose not to go camping or boat ride if there will not be alcohol or a smoker might choose not to join his friends if they are meeting in a no-smoke pub or hotel.
Keeping stock - Addicts always stock up on drugs to make sure they have a decent supply even if it costs more than they can afford. Sacrifices might be made in the house financial plan to ensure the substance is as copious as could reasonably be expected.
Taking risks (1) - some of the addicts may go as far as prostituting or stealing in the bid to raise money for the substance.
Taking risks (2) - driving at a higher speed is one of the risks the addict may easily take when they have taken the substance.
Managing issues - a dependent individual usually feels they require their drug to manage their issues.
Pre-occupation - A user exhausts himself and his time working out ways of obtaining the drug and figuring out how to use it.
Introversion and isolation - The addict may become secretive and want to isolate themselves from people.
Lack of acceptance - Many people addicted people refuse to accept. They don't know (or decline to recognise) that they have an issue.
Excess consumption - in addictions involving alcohol and some substance, the addict uses in excess. The result can be shutdowns (can't recall hunks of time) or physical manifestations, for example, a sore throat and awful cough (irresistible chain-smokers).
Dropping hobbies and activities - with time, the person may start shying away from those activities that makes him happy before. Some smokers who will discover that it is no longer easy for them to cope with the physical demands of their favourite sports may also resort to this.
Having stashes - the dependent individual may have little supplies of their substance shrouded away in various parts of the house or auto; frequently in improbable spots.
Taking an underlying substantial measurements - this is basic with liquor abuse. The addict will usually take a lot of the substance quickly so that they get the effect fast.
Having problems with the law - many of the drug and alcohol addicts(except nicotine) suffer this problem. This might be since the drug weakens good sense and the person takes a risk he/she would not take if he/she were not intoxicated, or in an attempt to get his/hands on the substance, he/she does something illegal.
Financial difficulties - the addicts will be willing to pay whatever it costs to access the substance if the substance is expensive. In the case of cigarettes, it will cost a 40-a-day smoker up to '660 per month and about '8,000 per year in the UK and other parts of Europe and the UK where a packet of twenty sticks is sold at about '11.
Strained relationships - such are seen more in cases where drugs or alcohol are the substance in use.
Some people who abuse drugs or alcohol might not be technically addicted but can still suffer the effects mentioned here but do not usually suffer from withdrawal symptoms or have the same obsession to use the substance.